by Rosalyn Carson-DeWitt, MD
Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be defined as:
Gastritis can be erosive. Erosive gastritis can wear away the lining of the stomach. It may also cause ulcers and bleeding.
Causes of acute gastritis include:
Causes of chronic gastritis include:
Risk Factors TOP
Factors that may increase your chance of acute gastritis include:
Factors that increase your chance of getting chronic gastritis include:
Gastritis may cause:
If the gastritis is causing bleeding, you may notice:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include:
Medications for gastritis help relieve symptoms and help heal the stomach lining. Medications are available over-the-counter or by prescription. Your doctor may recommend:
Treatment may also include stopping or changing NSAIDs or other medications that may be causing the irritation.
To help reduce your chance of gastritis from NSAIDs:
To help reduce your chance of H. pylori infection:
If you smoke, talk to your doctor about how to successfully quit. Avoid alcohol.
American College of Gastroenterology
American Gastroenterological Association
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Acute gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115779/Acute-gastritis. Updated January 8, 2013. Accessed September 28, 2016.
Chronic gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T170655/Chronic-gastritis. Updated August 28, 2014. Accessed September 28, 2016.
Gastritis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
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Updated April 23, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Last reviewed March 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daus Mahnke, MD
Last Updated: 5/7/2014
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This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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