by Rosalyn Carson-DeWitt, MD
Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be defined as:
Gastritis can be erosive. Erosive gastritis can wear away the lining of the stomach. It may also cause ulcers and bleeding.
Causes of acute gastritis include:
Causes of chronic gastritis include:
Risk Factors TOP
Factors that may increase your chance of acute gastritis include:
Factors that increase your chance of getting chronic gastritis include:
Gastritis may cause:
If the gastritis is causing bleeding, you may notice:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include:
Medications for gastritis help relieve symptoms and help heal the stomach lining. Medications are available over-the-counter or by prescription. Your doctor may recommend:
Treatment may also include stopping or changing NSAIDs or other medications that may be causing the irritation.
To help reduce the chances of gastritis from NSAIDs:
To help reduce the chances of H. pylori infection:
If you smoke, talk to your doctor about how to successfully quit. Avoid alcohol or drink in moderation. Moderation is 1 drink or less a day for women and 2 drinks a day or less for men.
American College of Gastroenterology
American Gastroenterological Association
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation
Acute gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115779/Acute-gastritis. Updated June 5, 2017. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Chronic gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T170655/Chronic-gastritis. Updated August 28, 2014. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Gastritis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/gastritis. Updated July 2015. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Last reviewed April 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daus Mahnke, MD
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This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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